Abuse Of Alcohol[Call 1800-270-1279]Addiction Killer
Alcohol use is common in India with a little more than half the population reporting regular use. Of people who report drinking, 7 percent drink a lot for five or more days in a month and around 25 percent drink too much at one sitting.
Unchecked or unregulated drinking is a serious life hazard and issue. Dangerous and life-threatening drinking patterns start to develop quickly into alcoholism, characterized by the term compulsive drinking that includes a person’s inability to stop drinking once he starts which can be very harmful.
- Alcohol and the Modern Life
Alcohol is one of the few addictive substances that are legal within India. That legality exists partly because of the so-called ‘positive health effects attributed to light alcohol consumption’. Unlike other heavy drugs, such as brain altering heroin or cocaine, alcohol triggers some positive changes within the human body, when consumed at low levels.
For example, in a study of 50,000 people, that health professionals followed for two years, researchers were surprised to find that alcohol intake was protective against heart diseases, even when researchers adjusted the results to account for dietary and lifestyle changes. Many other studies suggest that moderate alcohol use protects against specific types of memory loss.
- Alcohol Use and it’s Abuse
Moderate consumption of alcohol is commonly defined as one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men, based on how men and women are created. People who limit drinking in this way, without getting the feeling of being compelled to drink more alcohol, are not at all considered problem drinkers. However, some people drink very large amounts of alcohol each and every time they drink which is very harmful. These binge drinkers may drink in order to get drunk, and by drinking large amounts in a hurry, they flood their bodies with alcohol and stop drinking only when they’re physically unable to drink more which can essentially prove deadly. People who binge drink, however, might not be always considered as alcoholics. It’s a thin line, but it’s also an important distinction. People who binge drink may or may not have an actual physical dependence on the alcohol, and they may not drink daily.
III. People who are addicted to alcohol have an identifiable disease with mainly four major symptoms, that include:
- Alcohol Craving
- Not able to stop drinking after they start drinking
- Tolerance for any effects of it
- Withdrawal symptoms: Physical discomfort when not drinking
There are no definite laboratory tests that can help medical professionals diagnose alcoholism. People with the said disease may not even fail the blood-screening tests, and they might not even have negative results in physical exams. Instead, professionals rely on questionnaires to help them identify people who need addiction care. Physicians generally use a CAGE questionnaire, in which they ask their patients if they’ve ever tried to cut down on alcohol intake, feel guilty about alcohol, feel annoyed by criticism and/or need an eye-opener drink in the morning. Those who answer yes to all of the above questions need further screening for alcoholism.
Additionally, people with alcoholism often respond positively to the question considering that they are giving honest answers, “Have you ever had a drinking problem?” This indicates people with alcoholism know that they have a problem with drinking alcohol. They may not be able to solve the problem on their own, but they do know that some kind of a problem exists. When alcoholics admit they have a problem and are being honest with professionals, it’s easier to begin healing.
- Developing Addictions
Not every person who drinks alcohol develops alcoholism or the addiction to alcohol, but those who do might share common risk factors. For example, people with alcoholic parents are at a very high risk of having their own alcohol-addiction issues. In fact, about 40 percent to 50 percent of people with alcoholic parents will develop alcoholism as well. Research suggests that there is some specific sort of genes that are involved in processing alcohol, and those with that specific type of gene experience more pleasure from alcohol drinking and are at a higher risk of developing addictions as a result.
- Research also shows that many people with mental illnesses are at a relatively high risk for developing addictions of the alcohol or alcoholism. This link is very strong in people who have PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder); up to three-fourths of people who survive trauma or some sort of abuse go on to develop severe drinking problems. Similarly, people who have insomnia, depression, anxiety or other mental disorders might rely on alcohol as their short-term escape from such problems.